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Aluminum Vs Aluminium

Aluminum Vs Aluminium:
Is There a Difference?

The terms Aluminum vs Aluminium both refer to a metallic element. It is ductile, light, and corrosion-resistant, and it works well in a variety of industries. Regional language usage determines the difference between the two spellings. The word “aluminum” is common in American English. The highest prevalence of it is in the US and Canada.

In British English, “aluminum” is the term of choice. Most other English-speaking countries also use it. Both spellings are correct. The decision comes down to the linguistic and geographic context of use. 

Having made a distinction between “Aluminum” and “Aluminium”, draws interest in discovering the key concepts of this topic. So, what exactly is aluminum? Let’s explore its core attributes and applications.

What is Aluminum

Aluminum is a lightweight, silver-white metallic element. It’s known for its ductility, malleability, and resistance to corrosion. With the atomic number 13, it is abundant in the earth’s crust. Due to its special qualities, it’s used in many different industries. Aluminum is often used due to its strength without adding weight like steel would. Additionally, it’s recyclable, making it a popular choice for environmentally-conscious applications. 

After learning the definition of aluminum, can you determine if it’s metal or non-metal?

Aluminum Vs Aluminium

Is Aluminum Metal or Non-Metal?

Aluminum is a metal; it displays typical metallic characteristics. For instance, malleability, ductility, good heat and electricity conductivity, and a lustrous appearance.  Its inclusion among the post-transition metals in the periodic table is proof that it is a metal. These metallic properties, along with its lightweight and corrosion resistance. It contributes to its widespread use in a variety of industries. 

How Do You Know If Aluminum is Ferrous
or Non-Ferrous

Ferrous metals contain iron, while non-ferrous metals do not. Aluminum is a non-ferrous metal, meaning it doesn’t contain any iron. One of the simplest ways to determine this, aside from chemical analysis, is by using a magnet. Ferrous metals are magnetic, whereas non-ferrous metals, like aluminum, are not. So if you place a magnet on a piece of aluminum, it will not stick, confirming that aluminum is non-ferrous.

What Are The Different Types of Aluminum Grade

Different grades of aluminum are accessible. Each with unique characteristics designed for a particular application. Here’s an overview of some common aluminum grades:

1000 Series:

These are the purest forms of aluminum, with 99% or greater purity. Examples include 1050, 1060, and 1100.

2000 Series:

Aluminum alloys with copper. They’re known for their high strength and are used in aerospace applications. Examples include 2024.

3000 Series:

Aluminum alloys with manganese. They have good formability and corrosion resistance. Examples include 3003 and 3105, which are used in kitchenware and chemical apparatus.

4000 Series:

Alloys with silicon, which lowers the melting point. These are more uncommon than other series.

5000 Series:

Alloys made of aluminum and magnesium. They have good weldability and resistance to corrosion, especially in marine environments. Examples include 5052, 5083, and 5086.

6000 Series:

Alloys with magnesium and silicon. These are versatile alloys, often used in construction and automotive applications. because they are formable and have a high corrosion resistance.  Examples include 6061 and 6063.

7000 Series:

Aluminum alloys with zinc. These aluminum alloys, rank among the strongest. They’re often employed in high-performance applications, such as aerospace. Examples include the number 7075.

8000 Series:

These are less common than the other series but alloyed with other elements.

Comparative Breakdown of Aluminum Alloys

1. Aluminium 7075 vs 6061:

7075: This high-strength alloy has good machinability and excellent fatigue strength. But it isn’t as weldable or corrosion-resistant as 6061. It’s often used in aerospace applications.

6061: Offers a blend of strength, weldability, and corrosion resistance. It’s versatile and used for frames, boat shafts, and other structural applications.

2. Aluminum 6061 vs 6063:

6061: Has slightly higher strength but is less formable and weldable than 6063. 

6063: Offers better corrosion resistance and is more easily formable than 6061. It’s often used for extruded shapes in architectural and structural applications.

3. Aluminium 5052 vs 6061:

5052: This material’s outstanding corrosion resistance is well-known, particularly in marine environments. It’s more weldable but not as strong as 6061. It’s commonly used in sheet metal applications.

6061: It’s versatile, offering a good blend of strength and weldability.

4. 6061 vs 6082:

6061: It provides a good strength-to-weight ratio with an emphasis on weldability and machinability.

6082: European alternative to 6061, and while it has similar properties. It offers better corrosion resistance and is more formable.

5. Aluminium 6061 vs 6082:

The comparison remains the same as above. In short 6082 is 6061’s equal in Europe.

6. Alu 7005 vs 6061:

7005: More resistant to corrosion than 6061 but not as strong. Bicycle frames and components often use it because of its improved weldability.

6061: As mentioned, it’s versatile and a standard for various applications. Due to its blend of strength and corrosion resistance.

7. 5083 vs 6061:

5083: Known for its exceptional corrosion resistance in marine environments. It has high strength and is especially resistant to saltwater corrosion. Used for shipbuilding, rail cars, and vehicle bodies.

6061: Offers a combination of strength, weldability, and corrosion resistance. But not as corrosion-resistant in marine environments as 5083.

It’s essential to note that each alloy has its unique composition and properties. Thus, it’s crucial to select the appropriate grade for each application.

Popular Applications of Aluminum

Aluminum is valued for its exceptional blend of lightness, strength, conductivity & corrosion resistance. This makes it the metal of choice for a variety of applications:


Aluminum is used in the aerospace, automotive, railway, and marine industries. It helps improve fuel efficiency in vehicles and structural integrity in planes.


Aluminum foil and cans are used for packaging food and beverages. Aluminum’s ability to resist corrosion and its impermeability to light and oxygen.


Aluminum’s high electrical conductivity makes it a key material in electrical transmission lines.


Used in windows, doors, and facades of buildings. Its resistance to corrosion & light weight makes it ideal for modern architectural designs.


It is a component of some antacids and a number of cosmetic products.


Aluminum pots and pans offer efficient and even heating.

Renewable Energy:

Aluminum frames are often used in solar panels. Its conductive properties are helpful in energy storage solutions.

Aluminum Vs Aluminium

These are a few of the myriad applications of aluminum. Its wide range of qualities ensures its demand across many products and industries.

Which is The Most Popular Option:
Aluminum or Aluminium

Aluminum and Aluminium refer to the same metallic element. Their usage depends on regional linguistic preferences. “Aluminum” is the preferred spelling in American English. Which is primarily used in the United States and Canada. Aluminum is the accepted term in British English. It is also used in the majority of other English-speaking nations. As a result, there is no “more popular” version; it all depends on the area or nation in question. 

Aluminum Vs Aluminium

How to Get Started With Your Aluminum Project

Initiating an aluminum project involves understanding your goal. Selecting the appropriate aluminum grade, the right tools, and safety measures in place. Begin by defining the purpose and scope of your project. Research different aluminum types to choose the most suitable one for your needs. 

If you are not sure what type of aluminum best fits your project, it is advisable to contact a professional manufacturer. Especially if you are planning on producing bulk aluminum items, a direct manufacturer would be the answer to all your needs.

To guarantee accuracy, quality & durability, Foison Metal combines knowledge with top-tier aluminum services. Don’t settle for less—choose Foison Metal for all your aluminum needs. Work with us today!

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